Setting up a home recording studio can be complex and expensive. But with some suggestions, you can make a home studio quite comfortably. Manufacturers have also come up with some affordable gears, for which you can set up your home studio without spending a fortune. Here are the steps in setting up a home recording studio.
1. Choosing the right space
You should choose the right room to set up your home studio. Avoid cramped spaces; the bigger the room, the better it is. Having a bigger room means you will be able to accommodate more musicians and instruments. Also, bigger room produces better sound. You should try to minimize the noise around you. You might not notice the intensity of everyday noise. In a microphone, the noise is magnified 100 times! Common sources of noise include cars, plumbing, birds, neighbors, rain, wind, etc. These noises can spoil your recordings. Therefore, you should choose a room where the noise level is low. Ideally, you need a perfectly silent space where you can make as much noise as you want at any time. So, you need to be careful about your neighbors too. After all, you don’t want them to come to your house in the middle of the night and complain about the sound. You should consider some kind of soundproofing so that you can create a decent studio.
The flooring of the room you choose for your studio is very important. It is best to have a tile, concrete or hardwood flooring. Carpeted rooms are not good as they carpet wears out quickly. Carpets also absorb high frequencies and not the low ones. So, this affects room acoustics negatively.
Ideally, you must have a large room with high ceilings, asymmetrical walls and irregular surfaces for good acoustics. But, practically, this is not possible. Professional studios spend a lot of money in designing their studio in such a way that they produce good acoustics. In case of home studio, you just have to pick up the best room possible having similar features.
2. Transforming the room
You need to clear off all floor space, take out anything that vibrates and clear the walls as well. You should now add acoustic treatment to your room; otherwise, it will be impossible to do recordings. You should have bass traps, acoustic panels and diffusers. If you are on budget, then you can ignore buying diffusers. Next, you need reflection filters.
3. Setting up your gear
Now that your room is ready, you need to start buying the gears for your home studio. You need to separate your room into two areas: a mixing area for the engineers and a recording area for the musicians. For the recording area, you need a microphone, microphone stand, chair, DI boxes, and instruments. For the mixing area, you need audio interface, computer, etc. Let’s have a look at some of these gears.
External hard disc drive
You can get some cheap external hard disc drive now. But, it is a good idea to buy a decent one so you have less chance of crashing.
You need a pair of good quality monitor speakers to hear the sounds you are recording. You can get monitor speakers in different shapes, sizes and budgets. Monitors ensure that your mixes sound well no matter where you listen to them.
This is a topic that is usually neglected by most people. If you are planning to spend a significant amount of time in that studio make sure you have a proper heating set up there, one of the best possible ways to heat a room and not damage the equipment is through infrared heating. There are a lot of expensive solutions out there but working with a small brand like Almac – Инфрачервено Отопление (mind the non-English!) could result in having great heating solution on a decent budget.
This is the main component of a home studio. Whichever computer you buy you must make sure that there is enough RAM. You must have a RAM of size 4GB or more. It must have a steady processor which will ensure that you can work smoothly. You need a Digital Audio Workstation (DAW). These are the programmes in which you will record and edit your music. You will also do the mixing and add effects. You must find a good DAW with all the features included in it. You should learn to use a DAW. You will find plenty of videos in the YouTube and many forums where you will see how to use the various features of DAW. You can add a number of plug-ins to your DAW also.
You need an audio interface that will get your sounds into your DAW. These are high quality, external and dedicated sound card that will take your audio signal from your microphone, guitar or keyboard. It then converts it into something that can be captured by the computer. This interface will be able to record as many inputs as needed. For example, if you need guitar and vocal, you need two inputs. But if you need bass, guitar and multi-miking drums then you will need more inputs. The audio interface outputs the audio signal to the monitor speakers as well. It controls the various incoming and outgoing volume levels.
Different DAWs have different built-in instruments. These are controlled using MIDI. It takes information from an external source and converts it into musical commands. MIDI controllers can handle lots of tasks. The users can play basic piano or add synth bass to a song. .
With these steps you can easily set up your home studio. You should have a budget and then try to buy the best gears within that budget. With some thought, it is possible to have an affordable home studio for your recording and editing purposes.